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HIV/AIDS Epidemic in the Republic of Armenia

The recording of cases of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus has begun since 1988 in the Republic of Armenia.
Generally the annals of HIV epidemic in the Republic of Armenia is as follows:

1988 -
registration of the first HIV case; the transmission mode is heterosexual intercourse;
1988 -  registration of the first AIDS case;
1989 -
 registration of the first death from AIDS;
1990 -
 registration of the first case of HIV infection through injecting drug use;
1996 -
 registration of the first HIV case among women;
2000 -
 registration of the first case of HIV transmission through homosexual practice;
2001 -  registration of the first cases of HIV infection and AIDS among children;
2001 -  registration of the first case of child death from AIDS;
2002 -
 HIV prevalence among IDUs is in the range of 15%;
2007 -  HIV prevalence among IDUs is in the range of 6.8%.

From 1988 to 1 December 2011 1136 HIV cases had been registered in the country among the citizens of the Republic of Armenia with 165 new cases of HIV infection have been registered during 11 months of current year.

Males constitute a major part in the total number of HIV cases - 804 cases (70.8%), females make up 332 cases (29.2%). 1136 reported cases include 22 cases of HIV infection among children (1.9%).

57% of the HIV-infected individuals belong to the age group of 25-39.

In the Republic of Armenia the main modes of HIV transmission are through heterosexual practices (53.7%) and injecting drug use (37.4%). Additionally, there are also registered cases through homosexual practices, as well as mother-to-child HIV transmission and through blood transfusions.

According to the HIV infection transmission modes, the percentage ratio of HIV carriers in Armenia is as follows:

Transmission through heterosexual practices  53.7%
 Transmission through injecting drug usage  37.4%
 Transmission through homosexual practices  1.8%
 Mother-to-child transmission  1.8%
 Transmission through blood  0.3%
Unknown  5.0%

AIDS diagnosis was made to 543 patients with HIV, of whom 127 are women and 11 are children. 94 of all the AIDS cases have been registered during 2010. From the beginning of the epidemic 261 death cases have been registered among HIV/AIDS patients (including 44 women and 5 children).

All the individuals infected via injecting drug use were men. As a matter of fact, the majority of them temporarily inhabited in the Russian Federation and the Ukraine and was probably infected with HIV there. In addition, the majority of all the HIV-infected males (53.5%) are individuals who practice injecting drug usage, while almost all the women (98.4%) were infected through sexual contacts.

The maximum number of HIV cases was reported in Yerevan, the capital: 462 cases, which constitute 40.7% of all the registered cases. Shirak Marz follows next - 127 cases, which constitute 11.2% of all the registered cases. The estimation of HIV registered cases per 100 000 population shows the highest rate in Shirak marz - 45.1%, followed by Yerevan, Lori, Armavir marzes with the rates of 41.4%, 38.0%, 33.4% respectively.

The HIV/AIDS situation assessment has shown that the estimated number of people living with HIV in the country is about 2500.

 HIV/AIDS SITUATION IN THE WORLD

An estimated 34 million people (31.6-35.2 million) were living with HIV in 2010. There were 2.67 million (2.46-2.90million) new HIV infections and 1.7 million (1.59-1.91 million) AIDS-related deaths last year.

  People living with HIV New HIV infections in 2009 AIDS-related deaths in 2009  HIV prevalence among adults
Total 33.3 million
(31.4-35.3 million)
2.6 million
(2.3-2.8 million)
1.8 million
(1.6-2.1 million)
 0.8%
(0.7-0.8%)

 GLOBAL REPRESENTATION OF HIV EPIDEMIC 

Number of people living with HIV 

Total  33.3 million (31.4-35.3 million) 
Adults  30.8 million (29.2-32.6 million)
Children under the age of 15  2.5 million (1.6-3.4 million)

 Number of people infected with HIV in 2009 

Total  2.6 million (2.3-2.8 million)
Adults  2.2 million (2.0-2.4 million)
Children under the age of 15  370,000 (230,000-510,000)

 AIDS-related deaths in 2009 

Total  1.8 million (1.6-2.1 million)
Adults  1.6 million (1.4-1.8 million)
Children under the age of 15  260,000 (150,000-360,000)

 

04 July, 2011